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RFC 2732
Format for Literal IPv6 Addresses in URL\'s.
R. Hinden, B. Carpenter, L. Masinter. December 1999.

 
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Network Working Group R. Hinden Request for Comments: 2732 Nokia Category: Standards Track B. Carpenter IBM L. Masinter AT&T December 1999 Format for Literal IPv6 Addresses in URL's Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved. Abstract This document defines the format for literal IPv6 Addresses in URL's for implementation in World Wide Web browsers. This format has been implemented in the IPv6 versions of several widely deployed browsers including Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla, and Lynx. It is also intended to be used in the IPv6 version of the service location protocol. This document incudes an update to the generic syntax for Uniform Resource Identifiers defined in RFC 2396 [URL]. It defines a syntax for IPv6 addresses and allows the use of "[" and "]" within a URI explicitly for this reserved purpose. 1. Introduction The textual representation defined for literal IPv6 addresses in [ARCH] is not directly compatible with URL's. Both use ":" and "." characters as delimiters. This document defines the format for literal IPv6 Addresses in URL's for implementation in World Wide Web browsers. The goal is to have a format that allows easy "cut" and "paste" operations with a minimum of editing of the literal address. Hinden, et al. Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 2732 IPv6 Literal Addresses in URL's December 1999 The format defined in this document has been implemented in the IPv6 versions of several widely deployed browsers including Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla, and Lynx. It is also intended to be used in the IPv6 version of the service location protocol. 1.1 Requirements The keywords MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHALL, SHALL NOT, SHOULD, SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL, if and where they appear in this document, are to be interpreted as described in [KEYWORDS]. World Wide Web browsers SHOULD implement the format of IPv6 literals in URL's defined in this document. Other types of applications and protocols that use URL's MAY use this format. 2. Literal IPv6 Address Format in URL's Syntax To use a literal IPv6 address in a URL, the literal address should be enclosed in "[" and "]" characters. For example the following literal IPv6 addresses: FEDC:BA98:7654:3210:FEDC:BA98:7654:3210 1080:0:0:0:8:800:200C:4171 3ffe:2a00:100:7031::1 1080::8:800:200C:417A ::192.9.5.5 ::FFFF:129.144.52.38 2010:836B:4179::836B:4179 would be represented as in the following example URLs: http://[FEDC:BA98:7654:3210:FEDC:BA98:7654:3210]:80/index.html http://[1080:0:0:0:8:800:200C:417A]/index.html http://[3ffe:2a00:100:7031::1] http://[1080::8:800:200C:417A]/foo http://[::192.9.5.5]/ipng http://[::FFFF:129.144.52.38]:80/index.html http://[2010:836B:4179::836B:4179] 3. Changes to RFC 2396 This document updates the generic syntax for Uniform Resource Identifiers defined in RFC 2396 [URL]. It defines a syntax for IPv6 addresses and allows the use of "[" and "]" within a URI explicitly for this reserved purpose. Hinden, et al. Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 2732 IPv6 Literal Addresses in URL's December 1999 The following changes to the syntax in RFC 2396 are made: (1) change the 'host' non-terminal to add an IPv6 option: host = hostname | IPv4address | IPv6reference ipv6reference = "[" IPv6address "]" where IPv6address is defined as in RFC2373 [ARCH]. (2) Replace the definition of 'IPv4address' with that of RFC 2373, as it correctly defines an IPv4address as consisting of at most three decimal digits per segment. (3) Add "[" and "]" to the set of 'reserved' characters: reserved = ";" | "/" | "?" | ":" | "@" | "&" | "=" | "+" | "$" | "," | "[" | "]" and remove them from the 'unwise' set: unwise = "{" | "}" | "|" | "\" | "^" | "`" 4. Security Considerations The use of this approach to represent literal IPv6 addresses in URL's does not introduce any known new security concerns. 5. IANA Considerations None. Hinden, et al. Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 2732 IPv6 Literal Addresses in URL's December 1999 6. Authors' Addresses Robert M. Hinden Nokia 313 Fairchild Drive Mountain View, CA 94043 USA Phone: +1 650 625 2004 EMail: hinden@iprg.nokia.com Web: http://www.iprg.nokia.com/~hinden Brian E. Carpenter IBM iCAIR, Suite 150 1890 Maple Avenue Evanston IL 60201 USA EMail: brian@icair.org Larry Masinter AT&T Labs 75 Willow Road Menlo Park, CA 94025 EMail: LMM@acm.org Web: http://larry.masinter.net 7. References [ARCH] Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture", RFC 2373, July 1998. [STD-PROC] Bradner, S., The Internet Standards Process -- Revision 3, BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996. [URL] Fielding, R., Masinter, L. and T. Berners-Lee, "Uniform Resource Identifiers: Generic Syntax", RFC 2396, August 1998. Hinden, et al. Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 2732 IPv6 Literal Addresses in URL's December 1999 8. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Hinden, et al. Standards Track [Page 5]

   

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